Commit d9881907 authored by Pavel Jirásek's avatar Pavel Jirásek
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Outgoing connections
====================
Connection restrictions
-----------------------
Outgoing connections, from Salomon Cluster login nodes to the outside world, are restricted to following ports:
|Port|Protocol|
|---|---|
|22|ssh|
|80|http|
|443|https|
|9418|git|
!!! Note "Note"
Please use **ssh port forwarding** and proxy servers to connect from Salomon to all other remote ports.
Outgoing connections, from Salomon Cluster compute nodes are restricted to the internal network. Direct connections form compute nodes to outside world are cut.
Port forwarding
---------------
### Port forwarding from login nodes
!!! Note "Note"
Port forwarding allows an application running on Salomon to connect to arbitrary remote host and port.
It works by tunneling the connection from Salomon back to users workstation and forwarding from the workstation to the remote host.
Pick some unused port on Salomon login node  (for example 6000) and establish the port forwarding:
```bash
local $ ssh -R 6000:remote.host.com:1234 salomon.it4i.cz
```
In this example, we establish port forwarding between port 6000 on Salomon and  port 1234 on the remote.host.com. By accessing localhost:6000 on Salomon, an application will see response of remote.host.com:1234. The traffic will run via users local workstation.
Port forwarding may be done **using PuTTY** as well. On the PuTTY Configuration screen, load your Salomon configuration first. Then go to Connection->SSH->Tunnels to set up the port forwarding. Click Remote radio button. Insert 6000 to Source port textbox. Insert remote.host.com:1234. Click Add button, then Open.
Port forwarding may be established directly to the remote host. However, this requires that user has ssh access to remote.host.com
```bash
$ ssh -L 6000:localhost:1234 remote.host.com
```
Note: Port number 6000 is chosen as an example only. Pick any free port.
### Port forwarding from compute nodes
Remote port forwarding from compute nodes allows applications running on the compute nodes to access hosts outside Salomon Cluster.
First, establish the remote port forwarding form the login node, as [described above](outgoing-connections/#port-forwarding-from-login-nodes).
Second, invoke port forwarding from the compute node to the login node. Insert following line into your jobscript or interactive shell
```bash
$ ssh  -TN -f -L 6000:localhost:6000 login1
```
In this example, we assume that port forwarding from login1:6000 to remote.host.com:1234 has been established beforehand. By accessing localhost:6000, an application running on a compute node will see response of remote.host.com:1234
### Using proxy servers
Port forwarding is static, each single port is mapped to a particular port on remote host. Connection to other remote host, requires new forward.
!!! Note "Note"
Applications with inbuilt proxy support, experience unlimited access to remote hosts, via single proxy server.
To establish local proxy server on your workstation, install and run SOCKS proxy server software. On Linux, sshd demon provides the functionality. To establish SOCKS proxy server listening on port 1080 run:
```bash
local $ ssh -D 1080 localhost
```
On Windows, install and run the free, open source [Sock Puppet](http://sockspuppet.com/) server.
Once the proxy server is running, establish ssh port forwarding from Salomon to the proxy server, port 1080, exactly as [described above](outgoing-connections/#port-forwarding-from-login-nodes).
```bash
local $ ssh -R 6000:localhost:1080 salomon.it4i.cz
```
Now, configure the applications proxy settings to **localhost:6000**. Use port forwarding  to access the [proxy server from compute nodes](outgoing-connections/#port-forwarding-from-compute-nodes) as well .
......@@ -142,7 +142,7 @@ Note: Port number 6000 is chosen as an example only. Pick any free port.
Remote port forwarding from compute nodes allows applications running on the compute nodes to access hosts outside Salomon Cluster.
First, establish the remote port forwarding form the login node, as [described above](../salomon/shell-and-data-access/#port-forwarding-from-login-nodes).
First, establish the remote port forwarding form the login node, as [described above](#port-forwarding-from-login-nodes).
Second, invoke port forwarding from the compute node to the login node. Insert following line into your jobscript or interactive shell
......@@ -167,10 +167,10 @@ local $ ssh -D 1080 localhost
On Windows, install and run the free, open source [Sock Puppet](http://sockspuppet.com/) server.
Once the proxy server is running, establish ssh port forwarding from Salomon to the proxy server, port 1080, exactly as [described above](../salomon/shell-and-data-access/#port-forwarding-from-login-nodes).
Once the proxy server is running, establish ssh port forwarding from Salomon to the proxy server, port 1080, exactly as [described above](#port-forwarding-from-login-nodes).
```bash
local $ ssh -R 6000:localhost:1080 salomon.it4i.cz
```
Now, configure the applications proxy settings to **localhost:6000**. Use port forwarding  to access the [proxy server from compute nodes](../salomon/shell-and-data-access/#port-forwarding-from-compute-nodes) as well .
Now, configure the applications proxy settings to **localhost:6000**. Use port forwarding  to access the [proxy server from compute nodes](#port-forwarding-from-compute-nodes) as well .
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